The Peace of Kiel
The year 2014 marks the two-hundredth anniversary of the Peace of Kiel. As Danish, Swedish, and English diplomats agreed to a peace treaty on the freezing cold night of January 14, 1814, Kiel was the scene of European history in the making. But few in Kiel today know about these events, and even German historians have had to rediscover them: the Peace of Kiel was overshadowed by more major turns in the Napoleonic wars, such as the Battle of Leipzig (1813) and the Congress of Vienna (1815).
In the history of the Scandinavian countries, however, January 14, 1814 is a pivotal date. The treaty massively redistributed Scandinavian territory and spurred societal upheavals. The greatest loss was suffered by Denmark: the Danish state, having been allied with France, had to cede Norway’s huge expanse to Sweden. It created an opportunity for the Norwegians to give themselves a modern constitution.
For the occasion, the Kieler Stadt- und Schifffahrtsmuseum has organized a trilingual anniversary exhibition and produced an accompanying book in cooperation with the Royal Norwegian Embassy. The exhibition was being held in the city museum of Kiel, Warleberger Hof (14.1.-4.5.2014) and in the Felleshus of the Nordic embassies in Berlin (15.5.-29.6.2014).
Historic Seminar on 26 May, 2014 in Berlin
On 26 May a historic seminar took place at the Felleshus of the Nordic Embassies in Berlin, with high profiled historians from Scandinavia and Schleswig-Holstein.
The program accompanying the exhibition in Kiel can be found here.